Impact of Automation and Technology

The Impact of Automation and Technology in the Workplace

The ongoing integration of automation and technology into various industries is reshaping the workforce globally, and the Australian blue-collar sector is no exception. This transformation is driven by advances in robotics, artificial intelligence, and other technologies, aiming to increase efficiency and productivity.

This blog aims to offer clear facts and help blue-collar workers understand how to adapt and stay ahead in a rapidly changing job market. By highlighting the pace of technological change and the most likely affected sectors, we aim to inform workers about the importance of lifelong learning and skills development.

Key Takeaways

  • Automation and technology can significantly transform Australia’s blue-collar sectors, leading to new job types and demands​​​​.

  • Continuous education and skills development are crucial for workers to adapt and excel in the technologically evolving job market​​.

  • Support from industry leaders and government policies is essential to facilitate the workforce transition towards advanced technologies​​.

  • Recruitment services connect workers with new opportunities and help employers find talent ready for technological changes​​​​.

Impact of Automation and Technology on Blue-Collar Workers in Australia

Impact of Automation and Technology on Blue-Collar Workers in Australia

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The impact of automation and technology on Australian blue-collar jobs is twofold, marking both a period of transition and opportunity. As technology advances, traditional blue-collar roles in manufacturing, construction, and agriculture are undergoing significant changes, leading to increased efficiency and new jobs requiring different skills.

AI and Technology in the Australian Manufacturing Industry

In Australia, the manufacturing industry is poised for a transformative leap driven by the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and technology. A report by Microsoft and the Tech Council of Australia predicts that generative AI could add as much as $5 billion annually to the sector by 2030. Generative AI, which uses data patterns to create new content, could significantly enhance productivity, streamline administrative tasks, and innovate product and service design. 

Yet, despite these potential gains, only 20% of Australian manufacturers currently utilise AI, highlighting the need for more widespread adoption to unlock these benefits​​.

Automation and Technological Advancements Relevant to Blue-Collar Sectors

  • Robotics: Robots are increasingly used in manufacturing, warehousing, and logistics to automate repetitive tasks, such as assembling products, picking and packing orders, and moving goods. 

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning: AI involves creating computer systems that can perform tasks typically requiring human intelligence, such as recognising patterns, making decisions, and solving problems. Machine learning, a subset of AI, enables systems to learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed. In blue-collar jobs, AI and machine learning are applied in predictive maintenance, quality control, and optimising production processes.

  • Internet of Things (IoT): IoT refers to a network of physical objects (things) embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies that connect and exchange data with other devices and systems over the Internet. In industrial settings, IoT devices can monitor and control equipment, track assets, and collect data for analysis, improving efficiency and reducing downtime.

  • Advanced Manufacturing Technologies: This includes a range of technologies, such as 3D printing (additive manufacturing), computer-aided design (CAD), and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM). These technologies allow for the rapid prototyping, customisation, and production of parts and products, revolutionising traditional manufacturing processes.

  • Drones and Autonomous Vehicles: Drones are used for aerial inspections, surveying, and monitoring in construction, agriculture, and mining. Autonomous vehicles, including self-driving forklifts and trucks, transform logistics and transportation by improving safety and efficiency.

  • Wearable Technology: Wearable devices, such as smart helmets, glasses, and exoskeletons, are used in various blue-collar sectors to enhance worker safety, provide real-time information, and reduce physical strain.

Increased Efficiency and Productivity

Automation has significantly streamlined processes within the blue-collar sectors, remarkably increasing productivity and efficiency. Adopting robots, for instance, has contributed to a 0.36 percentage point growth in annual labour productivity across various countries, demonstrating the potential for similar impacts in Australia.

Safety Improvements

Technology in blue-collar jobs has also greatly enhanced worker safety. Robots can perform strenuous and repetitive tasks, reducing work-related injuries and health issues. By deploying robots and automated systems to take on “dirty, dangerous, and difficult” tasks, the risks associated with physical strain and exposure to hazardous conditions are significantly reduced. 

Job Creation in New Fields

While there are concerns about job displacement due to automation, there is evidence of new job opportunities arising from technological advancements. The maintenance of automated systems, data analysis, and the management of AI-driven operations are among the emerging fields requiring new skill sets. 

The demand for expertise in overseeing, programming, and integrating these technologies into existing workflows suggests a shift towards more skilled labour within blue-collar sectors.

Challenges Presented by Automation and Technology

Challenges Presented by Automation and Technology

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The concerns around job displacement due to automation, particularly in the Australian blue-collar industry, revolve around the potential for machines and AI to replace human roles, creating skill gaps that necessitate retraining.

Job Displacement

Automation’s impact varies by sector, but specific blue-collar jobs, particularly those involving repetitive tasks, are more susceptible to being replaced by machines despite fears of widespread job losses. Automation can lead to job displacement but creates new opportunities in areas like maintenance of automated systems and data analysis roles.

Demographics Affected by Automation

Automation predominantly influences these areas:

  • Older Workers: Research indicates that countries with older workforces, including potentially Australia, tend to adopt robots and automation technologies more rapidly. This trend is driven by the need to fill labor gaps left by an aging population. In industries where older workers are prevalent, automation compensates for the dwindling supply of middle-aged labor necessary for blue-collar work. 

The use of robots and automation technologies is notably higher in regions and industries where the workforce is aging, suggesting that older workers may be more directly impacted by the automation wave​.

  • Women: The impact of automation on women’s employment is complex and multifaceted. Women’s jobs may be more prone to partial automation rather than complete displacement. This means that while women might remain employed in their current roles, the nature of these roles could significantly change as automation takes over routine tasks. This shift could see women spending more time on tasks that require human interaction and less on manual or routine cognitive tasks.
  • Rural vs. Urban Job Opportunities: Global trends suggest that automation’s impact is unevenly distributed across geographical locations. With their higher concentration of finance, tech, and services industries, urban areas will see a faster pace of automation and AI integration. Depending on their economic base, rural areas might experience automation differently, particularly in agriculture and manufacturing, where automation could lead to significant productivity gains and job displacement.

Jobs that are safe from automation for now are:

  1. Roles that necessitate a human touch, adaptability, and complex problem-solving skills are less likely to be automated.
  2. Professions such as plumbers, electricians, and aged care workers fall into this category due to their tasks’ unpredictable and nuanced nature.

Skill Gaps and the Need for Retraining

As the job market evolves, workers must acquire new skills to remain relevant. Adopting advanced technologies demands an adaptable workforce skilled in digital literacy, machine operation, and system maintenance. This shift underscores the importance of retraining and upskilling initiatives to prepare workers for the changing demands of the job market.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the 2021 Census reflects a burgeoning interest in technology, with a 36% increase in individuals holding Information Technology qualifications compared to 2016. Security Science and Artificial Intelligence qualifications have seen exponential growth, indicating a shift towards the digital economy and the rising prominence of tech roles in the workforce. This shift underscores the critical importance of digital skills in the current job market, with ICT professionals and managers seeing significant increases in their numbers over the past five years​​.

Economic and Social Implications

The broader impacts of automation and technological advancements extend to economic and social spheres, including potential increases in income inequality and changes in labour demand. New jobs created by automation differ significantly in skill requirements and compensation levels compared to displaced jobs, potentially widening the gap between high- and low-skilled workers.

However, with appropriate policy responses and investments in education and training, it’s possible to mitigate these effects and ensure that the benefits of automation are broadly shared​​​​.

Adapting Change for Better Workforce Solutions

Adapting Change for Better Workforce Solutions

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Adapting to technological change within the Australian blue-collar job industry emphasises the critical role of education and training, government and industry support, and personal development.

The Role of Education and Training

Initiatives and programs are increasingly focused on upskilling and reskilling workers to meet the demands of the technological era. For blue-collar workers, this might involve obtaining nationally recognised qualifications like Certificates and Diplomas, participating in short online courses for skill upgrades, or leveraging free online courses to acquire digital ‘micro-skills’.

Government and Industry Support

Despite executives recognising the urgency of addressing skills gaps due to automation and digitisation, actual investment in workforce training has been declining in many advanced economies. However, the perception is shifting, with a strong consensus emerging that retraining and reskilling workers is crucial. About 82% of executives at large companies see retraining as a significant part of the solution to bridging skills gaps.

Personal Development

Staying adaptable involves proactively learning new skills and technologies. This enhances employability and ensures workers can effectively adapt to industry changes. The approach to upskilling and reskilling is becoming increasingly blended, with both blue- and white-collar workers benefiting from advancements such as AI, machine learning, and digital tools, regardless of their traditional job classifications​​.


As the Australian blue-collar industry evolves with technology and automation, it faces challenges and opportunities. Continuous skills development and lifelong learning are crucial for workers to adapt and thrive in new job landscapes created by advancements such as AI and IoT. Embracing change and upskilling is critical for a successful transition.

Dayjob Recruitment specialises in aligning job seekers with dynamic career opportunities in the trades and helping employers find adaptable, skilled talent ready for technological advancements. We bridge the gap between traditional roles and the evolving demands of the workplace. Contact us to explore how we can support your career growth or staffing needs in this changing landscape.

Are you a job seeker looking for your next big opportunity? Click below to see how we can assist you in finding the perfect role.


How can companies ensure equitable access to retraining programs for all employees?

Companies can ensure equitable access to retraining programs by conducting comprehensive skills assessments to identify specific needs across their workforce, creating personalised learning paths that accommodate different learning styles and schedules, and offering support such as time off for training, financial assistance, and language support for non-native speakers.

What role do unions play in advocating for workers’ rights and training in the face of automation?

Unions play a crucial role in negotiating with employers to ensure that the introduction of automation and new technologies benefits all workers. This includes advocating for fair retraining and upskilling opportunities, protecting jobs, negotiating terms for workforce transitions, and ensuring that any productivity gains from automation are equitably shared among workers.

How are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) adapting to the challenges and opportunities automation presents?

SMEs are adapting to automation by leveraging government and industry support programs designed to assist with digital transformation. This includes seeking grants and subsidies for technology adoption, participating in industry partnerships for shared resources and knowledge exchange, and focusing on niche markets where personalised service and human expertise remain critical.

In what ways are educational institutions changing their curricula to prepare students for a workforce increasingly shaped by automation and technology?

Educational institutions are updating their curricula to include more STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education, integrating real-world problem-solving projects that involve automation and technology, and offering courses in emerging fields like AI, machine learning, and data analytics. They also emphasise soft skills such as adaptability, critical thinking, and lifelong learning strategies to prepare students for continuous career development.

Interested in how we can support your role as an employer? Click below to learn more.

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