A Closer Look on the Economic Downturn Challenges in Stonemasonry

A Closer Look on the Economic Downturn Challenges in Stonemasonry

Australia’s current economic climate presents challenges for the construction industry through 2024. Rising interest rates, inflation, and a slowdown in global economic growth mark the current economic downturn in Australia. These factors significantly impact the construction industry, as reduced investment and consumer confidence lead to fewer new projects and a decline in overall construction activity.

However, despite these hurdles, the Australian government’s ongoing focus on infrastructure development, including a substantial budget allocation for transport infrastructure projects, suggests a positive outlook for the sector. ​This blog explores the Economic Downturn Challenges in Stonemasonry, specifically highlighting how these factors impact everything from project demand to material costs and workforce stability.

Key Takeaways

  1. Australia’s stonemasonry industry faces significant challenges due to financial instability marked by rising interest rates, inflation, and a global economic slowdown. These factors have decreased consumer spending in the construction sector and increased competition among stonemasonry providers.
  1. Despite the downturn, there is a positive outlook due to continued government investment in infrastructure, particularly transport infrastructure projects. This commitment could provide opportunities for stonemasonry firms to engage in new projects, potentially offsetting the decline in private-sector construction activity.
  1. The rise of manufactured stone veneers presents a competitive challenge to traditional stonemasonry. These alternatives offer similar aesthetic qualities at a lower cost and easier installation. Stonemasonry businesses must differentiate their natural stone products by emphasising unique attributes, such as durability and the authentic, premium aesthetic that synthetic options can’t fully replicate.
  1. Stonemasonry businesses are encouraged to diversify their service offerings to mitigate the effects of reduced demand. This can include expanding into related areas such as precision stone cutting, restoration, and custom sculpture or embracing technological advancements like 3D modelling and virtual design consultations.

Impact of Economic Downturn Challenges in Stonemasonry

Impact of Economic Downturn on Stonemasonry

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Economic downturn significantly impacts customer demand for stonemasonry projects in Australia, mainly due to decreased spending across the construction sector. The constrained economic conditions also lead to stricter competition among stonemasonry providers, who may need to adjust their pricing strategies to secure the limited available work.

Building Approvals in Australia

Here is the February 2024 key statistics figures compared to January 2024

  • Total dwellings approved fell 1.9% to 12,520.
  • Private sector dwellings, excluding houses, fell 24.9% to 3,771, while private sector houses rose 10.7% to 8,404.
  • The value of new residential buildings fell 19.1% to $5.79b.
  • The value of non-residential buildings fell 16.0% to $4.09b.

Shift of Funding and Investment

Shift of Funding and Investment

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Changes in funding for public and private construction projects significantly impact the stonemasonry industry, mainly through shifts in the allocation of government and private sector financial resources. Introducing Public-Private Partnerships (P3s) has transformed funding for construction projects, significantly benefiting the stonemasonry industry by increasing the number of projects, especially in public infrastructure.

However, these partnerships come with complexities, such as long project timelines and the need for upfront capital, which can challenge smaller stonemasonry firms and impact their cash flow and planning. Additionally, economic factors like inflation and shifts in governmental policy can affect project costs and funding availability, necessitating adaptability and strategic planning from stonemasonry businesses to thrive in this evolving landscape.

Material Costs

Material Costs

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Economic instability significantly affects the costs of raw materials used in stonemasonry in Australia. Various global and domestic factors, policy changes, and supply and demand dynamics shifts drive it.

Input to the House Construction Industry

Input prices to house construction rose 0.4% in the March quarter. Prices for other materials and metal products rose due to increased raw material prices, notably aluminium and gypsum. Suppliers are continuing to pass through increased input costs from higher energy prices for products such as aluminium windows and doors and plaster products.

Discounted products used earlier in construction, such as structural timber, are partially offsetting the quarterly rise as demand for new house construction continues to soften. Over the past twelve months, input prices for house construction have risen by 1.3%.

In building materials, the main contributors were:

  • Other materials (+2.0%) are driven by plaster products (+3.5%) due to elevated manufacturing input costs and low gypsum supply.
  • Other metal products (+0.5%), driven by aluminium windows and doors (+1.0%), due to rising raw material costs and elevated road freight costs in recent quarters.
  • Ceramic products (+1.5%) are driven by ceramic tiles (+3.9%) due to the strong demand for finishing products and higher import costs.

Partially offsetting this were price falls in: 

  • Timber, board and joinery (-0.5%), driven by structural timber (-2.5%), due to increased volume of softwood imports and decreasing demand for new house construction.

Policy Changes

Policy decisions on both international and domestic fronts play a crucial role. For example, Australia’s trading relationships and global policies, such as the proposed Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) by the European Union, can influence the costs of critical raw materials like steel and aluminium by imposing additional costs on imports from countries deemed less climate-ambitious​ (Home)​. Such measures can alter Australia’s raw materials’ competitive landscape and pricing structures in the global market.

Shifts in Supply and Demand Dynamics

The local economic outlook affects business sentiment and investment in raw materials. Uncertainties in global trade, shifts towards more localised supply chains, and ongoing adjustments in response to geopolitical tensions all contribute to price volatility. Australian businesses adapt by potentially reshaping supply chains to be more local or regional, reducing reliance on disrupted global networks​.

Labour Challenges

labour challenges

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Australia’s stonemasonry sector workforce challenges include retaining skilled labour and managing costs. Economic downturns further strain the industry by reducing funding for apprenticeships and training programs.

Workforce Dynamics

In the stonemasonry sector in Australia, the challenges in retaining skilled workers and managing labour costs are influenced by several factors heightened by economic conditions. The construction industry, including stonemasonry, faces difficulties due to the volatile economic climate marked by inflation and changing job market dynamics. Since the pandemic, there has been a noticeable shift in workforce dynamics, with increased retirements and changing immigration rates affecting the availability of skilled labour.

Training and Development

During economic downturns, apprenticeships and skill development in construction and stonemasonry industries often experience reduced funding and opportunities. Budget constraints within companies can result in fewer new entrants into apprenticeships, affecting long-term skill development and the availability of qualified workers in the future. Moreover, training programs receive less investment, complicating efforts to upskill current employees potentially impacting overall industry competence and readiness​.

Competition from Alternative Materials

Competition from Alternative Materials

Image Source: swensongranite.com

The growing popularity of manufactured stone veneers as alternatives to natural stone can be attributed to several key factors that make them appealing in both aesthetic and practical terms. Manufactured stone veneers have evolved significantly to achieve a realistic appearance, rivalling natural stone in looks but surpassing it in versatility and cost-effectiveness.


Stone veneers are designed to be lighter and easier to install, making them ideal for various settings where natural stone’s structural support would be impractical​. Natural stone, however, requires more skilled labour and careful handling during installation due to its weight​.


Both materials can be used for both interior and exterior applications. However, stone veneers are generally unsuitable for load-bearing applications, whereas natural stone can be used structurally​.


Stone veneers offer a cost-effective alternative to natural stone, not only due to lower material costs but also due to reduced labour and installation costs​​. On the other hand, natural stone incurs higher costs, from raw materials to transportation and installation​.


Manufactured stone veneers have advanced to the point where they can closely mimic the appearance of natural stone and offer a wide variety of colour and design options​​. Natural stone provides a unique aesthetic due to its natural variations, which many find irreplaceable despite the higher cost​​.

Here’s a comparative table that outlines the differences between stone veneers and natural stone in terms of practicality, application, cost, and design/aesthetics:

FeatureStone VeneersNatural Stone
PracticalityLightweight, easy to handle, and install, less labour-intensiveHeavy and requires more skilled labour for installation
ApplicationSuitable for both interior and exterior, not load-bearingIdeal for interior and exterior, it can be load-bearing
CostGenerally more affordable, with less installation costMore expensive, higher installation costs due to labour
Design/AestheticWide range of coloursUnique natural look, variety in patterns, textures, and colours

Adaptation Strategies for Stonemasonry Businesses

Adaptation Strategies for Stonemasonry Businesses

Image Source countrylife.co.uk

To mitigate the impact of reduced demand in stonemasonry, businesses can diversify their services in several innovative ways:

  1. Expanding Service Offerings: Stonemasonry businesses can expand into related services such as precision stone cutting, restoration work, or custom sculpture creation. This can help tap into new customer segments and increase the utilization of existing skills and equipment​​.
  1. Technology Integration: By embracing technology, stonemasons can offer digital services like 3D modelling and virtual design consultations. For example, using Virtual Design Construction (VDC), stonemasons can create accurate virtual models of their stonework projects. This approach allows for detailed visualization and planning before actual construction begins, helping to minimize errors and improve efficiency.
  1. Partnerships and Collaborations: Forming strategic alliances with other construction professionals, such as architects, builders, and landscapers, can open up new project opportunities. Collaborative efforts can lead to comprehensive service packages that attract larger projects and offer clients a more seamless experience​​.
  1. Specialised Training and Workshops: Offering workshops or training sessions on stonemasonry techniques can attract individuals interested in DIY projects or crafts. This can also establish the business as a leader in the field and a go-to resource for educational and service needs​.
  1. Eco-friendly and Sustainable Practices: With a growing interest in sustainable building materials, stonemasonry businesses can diversify by specialising in eco-friendly practices and materials. Promoting these practices can attract environmentally conscious clients and projects focused on green building​​.
  1. Maintenance and Repair Services: Providing maintenance and repair services for existing stonework can be a consistent source of revenue, helping to stabilise income during periods when new construction demand might be lower.

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As the Australian stonemasonry industry experiences an economic downturn characterised by reduced demand, rising material costs, and increased competition, businesses within this sector must adapt and innovate to thrive. 

At Dayjob Recruitment, we understand the challenges and opportunities within the stonemasonry sector. We are here to support job seekers and employers in this landscape. Our expertise in matching skilled professionals with leading companies ensures we provide optimal staffing solutions tailored to this industry’s evolving needs, including stone mason jobs in Australia. Discover how our services can benefit you by visiting our website or contacting us directly.

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How has the perception of stonemasonry as a craft changed in recent years?

The perception of stonemasonry has shifted significantly, with a growing appreciation for it as both a craft and an art form. This renewed interest is partly due to cultural heritage projects and the demand for bespoke, artisanal elements in modern construction, which highlights the intricate work and skill involved in stonemasonry.

What role does technology play in modernising the stonemasonry industry?

Technology plays a crucial role in modernising stonemasonry by enhancing precision and efficiency. Techniques like CNC machining and waterjet cutting allow stonemasons to achieve intricate designs and complex cuts that were impossible with traditional methods. Additionally, 3D modelling and digital templating software help in accurate planning and visualisation before physical work begins.

Can stonemasonry contribute to sustainable building practices?

Yes, stonemasonry can significantly contribute to sustainable building practices. Natural stone is durable, requires minimal maintenance, and can be recycled or reused, reducing waste. Additionally, sourcing stone locally can minimise transportation emissions, and the thermal mass properties of stone can improve building energy efficiency by stabilising indoor temperatures.

What are the challenges of sourcing high-quality natural stone?

Sourcing high-quality natural stone is challenging due to varying quarry conditions, limited deposits of certain types of stone, and the need for sustainable quarrying practices. The quality of stone can vary significantly within a quarry, making it essential for stonemasons to select suitable blocks carefully and manage resources efficiently to ensure the sustainability of the stone supply.

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