CNC Machinist Role

Exploring the CNC Machinist Role: Duties, Salaries, and Career Path in Australia

CNC machinists are integral to the modern manufacturing industry, ensuring precision and accuracy in producing various products. Operating computer-controlled equipment, these skilled CNC programmers set up machines to shape raw materials into specific parts with meticulous attention to detail. The demand for CNC machinists is steadily increasing as industries recognize the importance of their expertise in optimizing production processes.

If you are considering taking up the role of CNC Machinist, you must know what it involves, especially regarding duties, salaries, and the path to build this career. This article will explore what it takes to become a CNC Machinist in Australia and how this role can lead to an exciting and fulfilling career.

Understanding CNC Machinists

Understanding CNC Machinists

CNC machinists are skilled professionals who operate and manage CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machines, a cornerstone technology in the manufacturing industry. These machines use the CNC programming software and CNC coding to automate the control of machining tools such as mills, lathes, and grinders, enabling the production of complex and precision parts.

Essential Skills and Competencies

To excel as a CNC machinist, specific skills and competencies are essential.

  1. Machine Operation: The ability to operate various CNC machines, such as mills, lathes, and grinders. Operating a CNC machine includes starting and stopping the mechanism, loading materials, machine set-up, and calibration, and understanding the basic controls.
  2. Blueprint Reading: Proficiency in reading and interpreting blueprints or technical drawings to understand the specifications and dimensions of the part to be machined.
  3. Computer Numerical Control Programming: Knowledge of programming CNC machines, typically using G-code. This involves writing or inputting a CNC code that dictates the machine’s movements and operations.
  4. Precision Measurement: Skills in using measuring tools like callipers, micrometres, and gauges to measure and inspect machined parts to ensure they meet the specified dimensions and tolerances.
  5. CAM Software: Proficiency in Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) software, often used to create a machine program from a CAD drawing.
  6. Mathematics: Good math skills, particularly in geometry and trigonometry, are crucial for calculating dimensions, angles, and other parameters in machining processes.

Working Conditions

Working Conditions

The work environment for CNC machinists typically involves working in machine shops and factories. Many machinists work full-time during regular business hours, but overtime, night, and weekend work is common. Safety is a crucial consideration in this role, as workers must take precautions to avoid injuries, such as wearing protective equipment like safety glasses and earplugs due to the hazards of working with machine tools and the noise produced by machinery.


  1. Aerospace Industry: CNC machinists in aerospace work on components for aircraft and spacecraft, requiring extremely high precision and adherence to stringent regulations. These workplaces are often at the cutting edge of CNC technology.
  2. Automotive Industry: In automotive manufacturing, CNC machinists produce precision parts like engine components, gears, and valves. The environment is fast-paced, with a high emphasis on quality and safety standards.
  3. Tool and Die Making: In this sector, CNC machinists create tools, dies, and molds used for the mass production of parts. The work requires high precision and skill in interpreting complex designs, often in a workshop setting that values precision and craftsmanship.
  4. Medical Device Manufacturing: These machinists create components for medical devices using CNC tools. The manufacturing process requires extremely high precision and adherence to strict cleanliness and regulatory standards.
  5. Electronics Industry: CNC machinists may produce components used in electronic devices, requiring precision and the ability to work on a small scale.
  6. Custom Fabrication Shops: These shops often handle various projects, providing a more diverse working experience. CNC machinists here may work on everything from prototype development to custom parts for various industries.
  7. Stonemasonry: CNC machinists in stonemasonry use specialized machines like bridge saws to cut and shape stone. This role requires a good understanding of stone properties and precision in cutting, often in environments that blend traditional craftsmanship with modern technology.
  8. Construction: CNC machinists in construction may work on fabricating building materials or customizing components on-site. The environment can vary from factories producing prefabricated components to active construction sites, demanding versatility and adaptability.

Salary Expectations and Factors

Understanding salary expectations is crucial to navigating the job market as a CNC machinist. Salaries can vary widely depending on several key factors, including geographical location, industry specialization, years of experience, and level of expertise. In Australia, the salary range for CNC machinists can start at a base of around 30,000 AUD to 60,000 AUD. However, this can increase significantly based on the industry and individual qualifications.

Some sites do suggest higher annual pay, but here are some of the industries and their corresponding yearly remuneration:

Bridge Saw Operators

In the construction and stonework industry, CNC machinists specializing as bridge saw operators can expect salaries ranging from 35,000 to 50,000 AUD annually. This variation is often due to the complexity of the projects and the precision required in cutting materials.

Custom Fabrication Shops 

Machinists in custom fabrication shops dealing with bespoke manufacturing often have salaries that range between 40,000 and 55,000 AUD. Their compensation reflects the specialized nature of the work and the demand for unique or high-quality custom parts.

Electronics Industry

CNC machinists in the electronics sector, known for their precision and complexity, can see salaries between 45,000 and 60,000 AUD. The higher end of this range is often reserved for those with significant experience and expertise in producing intricate components.

Construction Sector

Within the broader construction industry, CNC machinists can expect to earn between 38,000 and 52,000 AUD. This range accounts for the diverse nature of construction projects and the varying levels of technical skill required.

It is important to note that these salary ranges are estimates and can fluctuate based on the current market demands, economic factors, and individual negotiation skills. Additionally, ongoing professional development and specialization in high-demand areas can significantly impact a CNC machinist’s earning potential.

In addition, CNC machinists can assess their skills objectively and identify areas where they can enhance their expertise to potentially increase earnings. Additional training or certifications in advanced machining techniques or programming languages like G-code can make individuals more marketable and open doors to higher-paying positions.

The Path to Becoming a CNC Machinist

The Path to Becoming a CNC Machinist


Formal education in machining or related fields can provide a solid foundation for aspiring CNC machinists. By enrolling in vocational schools or community colleges that offer machining programs, individuals can gain theoretical knowledge and practical skills necessary for this career path. These educational programs typically cover blueprint reading, precision measurement, computer-aided design (CAD), and CNC machine programming and operation.


Continuous learning is crucial in CNC machining due to rapidly evolving technologies and techniques. Participating in workshops or online courses allows machinists to stay updated with the latest advancements in the industry. These learning opportunities may focus on new software applications, CNC programming work languages specific to CNC machines, or innovative machining methods that improve efficiency and accuracy.

Continuous Learning

Continuous learning is crucial in the field of CNC machining due to rapidly evolving technologies and techniques. Taking part in workshops or online courses allows machinists to stay updated with the latest advancements in the industry. These learning opportunities may focus on new software applications, CNC programming work languages specific to CNC machines, or innovative machining methods that improve efficiency and accuracy.

Path Overview

In this preview, there are several certifications and specializations one can pursue to become a CNC machinist. The following table outlines the essential qualifications and steps required:

EducationSecondary school with a focus on mathematics, science, and English.
For newcomers and fresh graduates:  entry-level positions or internship opportunities in manufacturing companies.

Mentorship programs or assistant roles on the production floor for gradual development of the necessary skills.
CertificationsFitter and Turner trade certificate.
Certificate III in Engineering – Mechanical Trade (often part of an apprenticeship).
Certificate III in Engineering – Toolmaking Trade.
Work ExperienceMinimum of 2-5 years in an engineering/toolmaking environment.
Hands-on experience on the production floor.
For newcomers and fresh graduates:  entry-level positions or internship opportunities in manufacturing companies.

Mentorship programs or assistant roles on the production floor are used to gradually develop the necessary skills.
SkillsAbility to work independently and as part of a team.
Effective communication and complex problem-solving abilities.
Experience in welding and calibrating micrometers and calipers.
SpecializationsMachinists can specialize in research, military, aircraft, or automotive machining.
Additional TrainingOn-the-job training for safe and effective use of machinery and equipment.
Visa Requirements (for International)Metal Machinist skills assessment for a skilled Australian visa.
Certificate III in Engineering – Mechanical Trade for employment in Australia (if migrating).

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Comparing CNC Machining to Other Trades

Comparing CNC Machining to Other Trades

Similar Occupations and Skill Sets: CNC machinists share skill sets with several related occupations, such as tool and die makers, millwrights, and mechanical technicians. These professions often require a strong understanding of machinery operation, precision measurement, and technical drawing interpretation. The ability to operate and maintain complex machinery, along with a keen eye for detail, is a common thread uniting these roles.

Transferrable Skills Across Industries: Skills acquired by CNC machinists, including precision machining, problem-solving, and quality control, are highly transferable across various industries. Their expertise is essential in aerospace, automotive, and medical device manufacturing. The adaptability of these skills allows CNC machinists to transition smoothly between sectors, applying their knowledge to produce high-quality components in different manufacturing environments.

Opportunities for Higher Career Paths: CNC machinists have diverse career path opportunities, extending to roles like CNC programmer, machine tool designer, or production manager. As a CNC programmer, one would focus on writing and optimizing the code that controls CNC machines, requiring a blend of technical and programming skills. Advancing these paths often involves acquiring additional certifications or specialized training, providing a trajectory for professional growth and expanded responsibilities within the manufacturing sector.


Overall, the CNC Machinist role in Australia is an advantageous position and is highly sought after. It offers a great range of salary levels and career paths with many potential opportunities for development. With an ever-increasing demand for CNC machinists and the continued need for experienced operators, those considering entering the trade should consider the many potential benefits of this field.

For those interested in becoming a CNC machinist, Dayjob Recruitment is your ultimate resource to get your feet started in this career. We specialize in connecting skilled machinists with leading employers in the manufacturing industry. Our commitment is to help you navigate the job market effectively, positioning you at the forefront of employers seeking top talent.

Contact us today to start shaping your career path with confidence.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How does a CNC machinist ensure accuracy in their work?

CNC machinists follow strict quality control procedures to ensure accuracy in their work. They carefully inspect materials, use precise measuring instruments such as micrometres and callipers, and regularly calibrate the machine tools. They perform test runs and make necessary adjustments before starting full-scale production.

Are there any safety precautions that CNC machinists must follow?

Yes, safety is paramount for CNC machinists. They must wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), such as safety glasses and gloves. They should also be aware of emergency procedures like shutting down machines in case of malfunctions or accidents. Adhering to safety guidelines ensures the well-being of the operator and others in the vicinity.

Is there an opportunity for individuals just starting their career in CNC machining?

Individuals who are new to the CNC machinist career have promising opportunities. The manufacturing industry often welcomes fresh talent, particularly those who demonstrate a keen interest in the field and a willingness to learn. Entry-level positions provide a crucial platform for gaining practical experience and understanding the nuances of manual CNC programming and machining.

For beginners, employers typically offer on-the-job training to help them become familiar with the specific machines and tools they’ll be using. Companies may also look for foundational skills such as basic knowledge of machinery, an understanding of technical drawings, and strong problem-solving abilities.

What is the CareerHQ Compass Guidance, and how can it help me be a CNC machinist professional?

CareerHQ Compass provides invaluable guidance for individuals aspiring to become CNC machinists. This platform offers comprehensive resources that cover various aspects of the profession, including educational pathways, apprenticeship opportunities, certification requirements, and industry trends. By utilizing CareerHQ Compass, individuals can understand the steps involved in pursuing a career as a CNC machinist and make informed decisions about their education and training choices.

Are you a job seeker looking for your next big opportunity? Click below to see how we can assist you in finding the perfect role.

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